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alfonso v of aragon

This edifice, considered the most important civil piece of art of the time, was designed by Francesco Laurana. Born at Medina del Campo, he was the son of Ferdinand of Trastámara and Eleanor of Alburquerque.Ferdinand was the brother of King Henry III of Castile, and Alfonso was betrothed to his uncle King Henry's daughter Maria in 1408. Only Valencia, with its flourishing economy, remained unharmed by the general crisis. National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, Samuel H. Kress Collection Image courtesy of the Board of Trustees, National Gallery of Art. Artist: Cristoforo Di Geremia — . found: Encyc. Alfonso IV of Aragon Alfonso IV, called the Kind (also the Gentle or the Nice, Alfons el Benigne) (2 November 1299 – 24 January 1336) was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona (as Alfonso III) from 1327 to his death. . He was receiving tempting offers (1432) to intervene again in Naples and spent two years in Sicily preparing his fleet and army. Alfonso engaged in much diplomatic and military activity in Africa, the Balkans, and the eastern Mediterranean in order to protect his commerce with the East and to share in the defense of Christendom against the Turks. Alfonso was praised, respected, and admired by the writers of his own time and also by those of the next generation. . Alfonso was received as a liberator in Naples on July 5, 1421, but the volatile character of the queen, who soon afterward began to make overtures to Louis of Anjou, obliged Alfonso in 1423 to return to Catalonia to seek reinforcements. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/arts-construction-medicine-science-and-technology-magazines/alfonso-v-aragon-magnanimous-1396-1458, Chapter One: World Events: Selected Occurrences Outside Imperial China, World Events: Selected Occurrences Outside West Africa. Alfonso the Magnanimous (also Alphonso; Catalan: Alfons; 1396 – 27 June 1458) was the King of Aragon (as Alfonso V), Valencia (as Alfonso III), Majorca, Sardinia and Corsica (as Alfonso II), Sicily (as Alfonso I) and Count of Barcelona (as Alfonso IV) from 1416, and King of Naples (as Alfonso I) from 1442 until his death. 13 Jan. 2021 . In the Kingdom of Naples he was succeeded by his illegitimate son, Ferrante, and in his other states by his brother John (King John II of Aragon), who had been king of Navarre since 1425. Omissions? …historian at the court of Alfonso of Aragon, king of Naples. By intrigue and bravery he captured the R…, Queen Consort Of Louis Viii King Of France Blanche Of Castile, Born to wealth, Blanche of Castile (1188-1252) took the reins of leadership early in life as the wife of Louis VIII, King of France and later as co-r…, LOUIS XII (FRANCE) (born 1462–1515; ruled 1498–1515), king of France. Joanna's captain Muzio Sforza then defeated Alfonso and the queen officially named Louis III as her heir. Alfonso V of Aragon (the Magnanimous) (1396–1458) A TRANSLATION "de Latin en Romance" of the Ethics of Aristotle, by Charles, Prince of Viana, son of John II., of Navarre, Aragon and Sicily, for his uncle Alphonso V., of Aragon: from the Latin of Lionardo Aretino. en In 1447, attacked by Alfonso V of Aragon, King of Naples, he defended it with the help of a Florentine army. The only son of Charles of Orléans and Mary of Cleves, Louis was the great-gran…, Louis IV (Holy Roman emperor) Alfonso founded the academy of Naples and commissioned from Laurana a triumphal arch for his entrance into the city in 1443, which formed part of the Castel Nuovo. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. Alfonso was particularly attracted to classical literature. By hereditary right he was king of Sicily and claimed the island of Sardinia for himself, though it was then in the possession of Genoa. Cesare Borgia Updates? ." Meanwhile, the sporadic war with Castile both impoverished the kingdom of Aragon and deprived Alfonso and his family of their ancestral estates in Castile. HRE Charles VI's 7-Great Uncle. In late 1423 the Genoese fleet of Filippo Maria Visconti moved in the southern Tyrrhenian Sea, rapidly conquering Gaeta, Procida, Castellammare and Sorrento. aka Alphonse V `the Magnanimous' d' ARAGON; Knight of the Garter; Knight of Golden Fleece. Professor of Medieval Spanish History, University of Barcelona, Spain, 1959–78. Alfonso V, byname Alfonso the Magnanimous, Spanish Alfonso el Magnánimo, (born 1396—died June 27, 1458, Naples), king of Aragon (1416–58) and king of Naples (as Alfonso I, 1442–58), whose military campaigns in Italy and elsewhere in the central Mediterranean made him one of the most famous men of his day. The latter were still close enough to him to draw upon a living tradition but were free of the desire to flatter that affected his contemporaries. Español: Alfonso V de Aragón (Medina del Campo, 1396-Nápoles, 1458), llamado también el Magnánimo y el Sabio, fue rey de Aragón, de Valencia, de Mallorca, de Sicilia, de Cerdeña, de Córcega (desde 1416), de Nápoles (desde 1442), conde de Barcelona, de Rosellón y Cerdaña. Like many Renaissance rulers, Alfonso V was a patron of the arts. Alfonso the Magnanimous KG (also Alphonso; Catalan: Alfons ; 1396 – 27 June 1458) was the King of Aragon (as Alfonso V), Valencia (as Alfonso III), Majorca, Sardinia and Corsica (as Alfonso II), Sicily (as Alfonso I) and Count of Barcelona (as Alfonso IV) from 1416, and King of Naples (as Alfonso I) WikiMatrix fr En 1447, attaqué par Alphonse V d'Aragon , roi de Naples, il défend sa principauté avec l'aide des armées florentines. Corrections? Louis IV or Louis the Bavarian, 1287?–1347, Holy Roman emperor (1328–47) and German king (1314–47), duke of Upper Bavar…, Poissy, France Alfonso the Magnanimous (also Alphonso) was the King of Aragon (V), Valencia (III), Marjoca, Sardinia and Corsica (II), and Sicily and Count of Barcelona (IV) from 1416 - his death. King of Aragon and Naples, and an important Renaissance patron of the arts and scholarship, Alfonso was the son of Ferdinand I of Aragon and the adopted son of Joanna II of Naples, who made him the hereditary king of her realm. His opportunity seemed to come in 1435, after the deaths of Louis III of Anjou and Queen Joan II, but while blockading the port of Gaeta, a key citadel from which to launch an attack on Naples, he was defeated off the island of Ponza by a Genoese squadron. He represented the old line of the counts of Barcelona through the female line, and was on his father's side descended from the House of Trastamara, the reigning House of Castile. 1396-1458. HM George I's 8-Great Uncle. In 1423, however, Joanna and Alfonso broke off their alliance and in 1435 the queen abdicated the throne of Naples to Louis, who had the support of Pope Martin V. To contest Naples, Alfonso hired the mercenary Braccio da Montone to lead his forces. And in Barcelona a serious class struggle caused so many disturbances in the city that Alfonso reformed the city government, allowing public offices to be distributed by lot. Alfonso introduced Italian Renaissance humanism to Spain and made Naples the center of the Renaissance by patronage of artists such as Francesco Laurana. This queen, who had no direct heir, allied with Alfonso against Louis III, a prince of Anjou, whom Alfonso defeated on the battlefield in 1421. Alfonso V of Aragon King Desc: Alfonso the Magnanimous KG was the King of Aragon, Valencia, Majorca, Sardinia and Corsica, Sicily and Count of Barcelona from 1416, and King of … Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Early life. "Alfonso V of Aragon (the Magnanimous) (1396–1458) Please select which sections you would like to print: While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. He remained 13 years in Alfonso’s service, and it was during this time that Valla, then in his 30s, wrote most of his important books. Definitions of Alfonso_V_of_Aragon, synonyms, antonyms, derivatives of Alfonso_V_of_Aragon, analogical dictionary of Alfonso_V_of_Aragon (English) Thus, in 1420 he set out with a fleet to pacify Sardinia and Sicily and to attack the Genoese possession of Corsica. The only contemporary references to this event are two letters of Alfonso II addressed to Louis VII of France; they were carried to Louis by Berengar, the Bishop of Lleida, but are not dated. The book follows him from childhood in the chivalric world of Castile, to the newly-acquired states of Aragon, and his subsequent accession to the Aragonese throne. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. The pope formally recognized him as the king of Naples in 1443. She died in 1435, leaving Naples as a prize for any ruler with the ambition and the manpower to capture it. ." Alfonso V of Aragon, King of Naples. Among Alfonso’s apologists were the Italian humanist scholars Antonio Beccadelli, Aeneas Sylvius Piccolomini (Pope Pius II), Vespasiano da Bisticci, and Giovanni Pontano. Alfonso V of Aragon (the Magnanimous) (1396 – 1458) King of Aragon and Naples, and an important Renaissance patron of the arts and scholarship, Alfonso was the son of Ferdinand I of Aragon and the adopted son of Joanna II of Naples, who made him the hereditary king of her realm. Sometime during the reign of Alfonso II of Aragon, the Battler's grandnephew, a man came forward claiming to be Alfonso the Battler. HRE Ferdinand I's 2-Great Uncle. In this way Naples, then one of the wealthiest states in Europe, was made part of the Spanish realm of Aragon. He has been regarded by some scholars as a brilliant Renaissance prince and a great sovereign, but, in general, modern Spanish historians are less enthusiastic about Alfonso and blame him for occupying himself with amorous adventures in Naples while neglecting his duties to his peninsular territories. . He beautified and improved the city, repairing aqueducts, paving streets, and building monuments. Arts construction medicine science and technology magazines, Alfonso V of Aragon (the Magnanimous) (1396–1458). Example sentences with "Alfonso V of Aragon", translation memory add example en The University was founded under the royal prerogative granted by King Alfonso V of Aragon , … 9B Personage: Alfonso V of Aragon. (January 13, 2021). He succeeded his father as king of Aragon in 1416 and, at the beginning of his reign, had political difficulties with both Catalans and Aragonese, because he retained some Castilian counsellors and deprived the justicia, the supreme law officer of Aragon, of his position. In Catalonia the remensa, the peasantry, were vigorously seeking to be freed from feudal dues and received some support from the crown. After the death of Louis in 1434, Joanna named Rene of Anjou as her heir in her will. A restless, energetic ruler to the last, Alfonso was engaged in an assault upon Genoa, which had recently surrendered to the French, when death surprised him in Ovo Castle at Naples in June 1458. The Italian leader Cesare Borgia (1475-1507) played an important part in Renaissance history. However, the date of retrieval is often important. He besieged the city in 1441 and finally captured it the next year. The Renaissance. Brit., 15th ed. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. "Alfonso V of Aragon (the Magnanimous) (1396–1458) Alfonso the Magnanimous KG (also Alphonso; Catalan: Alfons; 1396 – 27 June 1458) was the King of Aragon (as Alfonso V), Valencia (as Alfonso III), Majorca, Sardinia and Corsica ." His. Alfonso led his forces into Italy, capturing the important towns of Capua and Gaeta, but was then defeated and taken prisoner. When he was 16, his father became king of Aragon, and he himself went to live there. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. It became a brilliant centre of art and culture, fed by the fertile interaction of Italian Renaissance and Spanish Gothic influences and forming a cultural bridge between the two peninsulas of the western Mediterranean. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. Alfonso the Magnanimous (also Alphonso; Alfons; 1396 – 27 June 1458) was the King of Aragon (as Alfonso V), Valencia (as Alfonso III), Majorca, Sardinia and Corsica (as Alfonso II), Sicily (as Alfonso I) and Count of Barcelona (as Alfonso IV) from 1416, and King of Naples (as Alfonso I) … Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. According to legend, the staircase was dug by the troops of the King of Aragon Alfonso V in the course of a single night during the unsuccessful siege of Bonifacio in 1420. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Alfonso-V-king-of-Aragon-and-Naples, Fact Monster - People - Biography of Alfonso V. "The crusades of Louis IX mark both the culmination and the beginning of the end of…, Alfonso VII (Spanish king of Castile and León), Alfonso XI (Spanish king of Castile and León). After conquering Naples, he transferred his court there. Alfonso V, byname Alfonso the Magnanimous, Spanish Alfonso el Magnánimo, (born 1396—died June 27, 1458, Naples), king of Aragon (1416–58) and king of Naples (as Alfonso I, 1442–58), whose military campaigns in Italy and elsewhere in the central Mediterranean made him one of the most famous men of his day. The marriage was a failure and perhaps helps to explain Alfonso’s reluctance to return to his peninsular kingdoms after he had conquered Naples, where he was encouraged to remain by his mistress, Lucrezia de Alagno. August 25, 1270 An important patron of the arts and literature, Alfonso held the classical Roman writers in reverence and set an example for future princes of Italy, who considered patronage of great art and architecture a way of making their permanent mark on the states they ruled. On f. 236 is the "Lamentation e pla..., 15th century British Library He took Naples on June 2, 1442, and transferred his court there permanently in 1443. In 1412, Ferdinand was selected to succeed to the territories of the Crown of Aragon.Alfonso and Maria's marriage was celebrated in Valencia on 12 June 1415. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Alfonso V of Aragon, c. 1449 Bronze, diameter 11.02 cm (4 5/16 in.) Encyclopedia.com. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Alfonso was born and brought up in the brilliant Castilian court at Medina del Campo. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Free for commercial use, no attribution required. . Alfonso, however, charmed his captor into an alliance and then continued his fight to gain possession of Naples against the opposition of Venice, Florence, and the pope. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. After intervening in the internal politics of Castile to defend the interests of his brothers Henry and John in the near civil war that existed during the weak rule of John II, Alfonso set out again for Italy, from where, as it turned out, he was never to return. Alfonso V of Aragon (also Alfonso I of Naples) (1396 – June 27, 1458), surnamed the Magnanimous, was the King of Aragon and Naples and count of Barcelona from 1416 to 1458.He was a son of Ferdinand I of Aragon (also called Ferdinand of Antequera), and is one of the most conspicuous figures of the early Renaissance.. Professor of Medieval History, University of Madrid, 1980–86. His reign saw the incorporation of the County of Urgell, Duchy of Athens, and Duchy of Neopatria into the Crown of Aragon. Author of. Alfonso left the rule of Aragon to his wife and brother and lived in Naples. Alfonso V, byname Alfonso the Magnanimous, Spanish Alfonso el Magnánimo, (born 1396—died June 27, 1458, Naples), king of Aragon (1416–58) and king of Naples (as Alfonso I, 1442–58), whose military campaigns in Italy and elsewhere in the central Mediterranean made him one of the most famous men of his day. He founded the Academy of Naples under Giovanni Pontano, and for his entrance into the city in 1443 had a magnificent triumphal arch added to the main gate of Castel Nuovo. In 1421 the childless Queen Joan II o… Born at Medina del Campo, he was the son of Ferdinand I of Aragon and Eleanor of Alburquerque. (Alfonso V the Magnanimous, of Aragon; also called Alfonso I of Naples; b. Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for Alfonso V “The Magnanimous” of Aragón (1394–27 Jun 1458), Find a Grave Memorial no. He reportedly brought copies of the works of Livy and Julius Caesar on his campaigns; the poet Antoni… Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. Alfonso IV of Aragon The King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona (as Alfonso III) from 1327 to his death. – 1476) This is a biography of one of the most brilliant 15th century monarchs, Alfonso V of Aragon, who won from his contemporaries the title ‘the Magnanimous’. Manuscript detail of Alfonso V of Aragon. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). Retrieved January 13, 2021 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/arts-construction-medicine-science-and-technology-magazines/alfonso-v-aragon-magnanimous-1396-1458. He was also King of Naples (I) from 1442 - his death. He helped the Knights of St. John defend Rhodes; allied himself with Hungary (1444), Serbia (1447), and Abyssinia (1450); and fought against Egypt (1453–54). But he was not strong enough to prevent the fall of Constantinople to the Turks in 1453. Download Image of Alfonso V, King of Aragon. Born: 1396 Died: 1458 Naples. Alfonso was also in possession of much of Corsica by the 1420s. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. After conquering Naples, he transferred his court there. Meanwhile, his Spanish dominions were suffering from serious unrest, the result of social and economic tensions to which no solution could be found by his viceroys, his queen, Maria, and his brother John of Navarre. The Renaissance. A persuasive speaker, he convinced his captors in Milan to release him, then gathered another fleet and returned to Naples. Encyclopedia.com. From the moment of his accession, Alfonso continued the traditional Aragonese policy of Mediterranean expansion. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. 73449551, citing Poblet Monastery, Poblet, Provincia de Tarragona, Cataluna, Spain ; Maintained by … HRH Charles's 16-Great Grandfather. In Majorca a popular rising, which led to fighting between the capital of the island and the rural population, had to be crushed by troops that Alfonso sent from Naples. Alfonso was captured, with many others, and sent as a prisoner to Genoa and then to Milan, whose duke, Filippo Maria Visconti, ruled both cities. The Renaissance. Tunis, North Africa of Mantova, goldsmith, medallist and metal-worker.(? 1396; d. 6/27/1458) King of France The queen of Naples, Joan II, then sought his help against Louis III of Anjou and adopted him as her son and heir. https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/arts-construction-medicine-science-and-technology-magazines/alfonso-v-aragon-magnanimous-1396-1458, "Alfonso V of Aragon (the Magnanimous) (1396–1458) Three years later (1415) he married his cousin María, the daughter of Henry III of Castile, but she produced no children, and they were separated for many years. Alfonso V (King) of ARAGON & Naples. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Alfonso V can be considered as a genuine prince of the Renaissance, since he developed an important cultural and literary patronage that received the nickname of "El Sabio" (The Wise) and that would transform Naples into the main focus of the entrance of the Renaissance humanism in the environment of the Crown of Aragon. They praised Alfonso for his humanist education and for his love of books and fine arts, for his delight in hunting, dancing, tournaments, and good clothes, and for his charity, clemency, and deep religious faith. Aragon ( the Magnanimous ) ( 1396–1458 ). moment of his own time and also by of. Writers of his own time and also by those of the County of Urgell, Duchy of Athens, copy! Was not strong enough alfonso v of aragon prevent the fall of Constantinople to the style... 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