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summary of romans chapter 9

3 For I could wish that I myself were cursed and cut off from Christ for the sake of my people, those of my own race, 4 the people of Israel. Indeed, O man, who are you to reply against God? “Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, In Romans chapters one through eight, Paul thoroughly convinced us about man’s need and God’s glorious provision in Jesus Christ through the Holy Spirit. The remnant will be saved: The passage quoted from Isaiah 10:23 speaks first to God’s work in saving a remnant from the coming Assyrian destruction. 2. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. “If God cannot bring his ancient people into salvation, how do Christians know that he can save them? “Get love for the souls of men – then you will not be whining about a dead dog, or a sick cat, or about the crotchets of a family, and the little disturbances that John and Mary may make by their idle talk. My trouble is to understand how God could love Jacob.’” (Newell). Even in the midst of judgment, God showed His mercy to Judah. I will have mercy on whomever I will have mercy, ii. How do I know that He will come through for me?” Paul answers the question by asserting that it is not that the word of God has taken no effect. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. “It was stupid to think that, since the whole nation had not entered the blessing, the promise of God had failed. Will God also reject and curse me one day? b. Sorrow and continual grief: Paul feels this because he considers a people who seem to be separated from God’s love – unbelieving Israel, who rejected God’s Messiah. Here is an Overview Of Romans Chapter 9. OVERVIEW OF ROMANS 9-11 – ISRAEL’S PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. For this very purpose I have raised you up: God allowed Pharaoh in the days of Moses to rise to power so that God could show the strength of His judgment against Pharaoh, and thereby glorify Himself. For I could wish that I myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my countrymen according to the flesh, who are Israelites, to whom pertain the adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the service of God, and the promises; of whom are the fathers and from whom, according to the flesh, Christ came, who is over all, the eternally blessed God. If God says He chooses, and if God also says that we are responsible before Him, who are we to question Him? This quotation from Isaiah 1:9 shows that as bad as Judah’s state was because of their sin, it could have been worse. Those who prefer a punctuation that says otherwise impose their preconceived views on the text. Summary of Romans 9, 10 and 11: The apostle Paul is not sorrowful because the Word of God is being nullified by Jewish unbelief (for in fact the Scripture is being fulfilled by their unbelief, as God is revealing His elective purposes in the salvation of the Gentiles and the stumbling of the Jews), but he is sorrowful for the Jewish people themselves, the seed of Abraham, because they are lost, and he … Is there unrighteousness with God? (10-13) Another example of the fact that promise is more important than natural relation: Jacob and Esau. They harassed and persecuted him from town to town, stirring up lies and violence against him. Paul says he himself is willing to be separated from Jesus if that could somehow accomplish the salvation of Israel. One day Israel will be restored and once again be called sons of the living God. This is something that really bothered Paul and was on his heart. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. c. So then it is not of him who wills, nor of him who runs, but of God who shows mercy: God’s mercy is not given to us because of what we wish to do (him who wills), or because of what we actually do (him who runs), but simply out of His desire to show mercy. e. Christ… who is over all, the eternally blessed God, Amen: This is one of Paul’s clear statements that Jesus is God. What does it say about, I have great sorrow and continual grief in my heart, I tell the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Spirit, I could wish that I myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, The adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the services of God, and the promises, Of whom are the fathers and from whom, according to the flesh, Christ came, Christ… who is over all, the eternally blessed God, Amen, i. Wuest, quoting Robertson: “[This is a] clear statement of the deity of Christ following the remark about His humanity. We should regard the love and the hate as regarding His purpose in choosing one to become the heir of the covenant of Abraham. CHAPTER WISE SUMMARY: Chapter#1: Greetings. Not yet being born, nor having done any good or evil: Paul points out that God’s choice was not based on the performance of Jacob or Esau. We may not be able to fathom God’s reasons for choosing, and they are reasons He alone knows and answers to, but God’s choices are not capricious. Romans 9:6 "Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For who has resisted His will?” But indeed, O man, who are you to reply against God? And we would have been made like Gomorrah.”. What does it say about Israel? The apostle's concern that his countrymen were strangers to the gospel. (14-24) This sovereignty is in God's dealing both with Jews and Gentiles. In hardening the heart of Pharaoh, God simply allowed Pharaoh’s heart to pursue its natural inclination. He will always preserve His remnant. The Jews who seem to be cast off from God tried to justify themselves before God by performing works according to the law of righteousness. Introduction and Timeline Having expounded many of the central, saving doctrines of the gospel (see Romans 1–8), Paul then focused on the application of the gospel in Church and civic life (see Romans 9–16). | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Sitemap. In Romans chapters one through eight, Paul thoroughly convinced us about man’s need and God’s glorious provision in Jesus Christ through the Holy Spirit. Usually it is because they have an idea about what it says, and they don’t like that idea. a. Rom 9:1-3 Paul expresses his great sorrow for the unbelief and obstinacy of the Jews. No; instead, they are not all governed by Godwho are of Israel. Click on the different category headings to find out more. If it would do any good, Paul would gladly be condemned in order to save his brethren who had been the recipients of so many blessings (3-5). Not yet being born, nor having done any good or evil, That the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works but of Him who calls, Jacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated, v. Our greatest error in considering the choices of God is to think that God chooses for arbitrary reasons, as if He chooses in an “eeny-meeny-miny-moe” way. (25-26) The prophet Hosea (in Hosea 2:23 and 1:10) declares God’s right to choose, calling those who previously were not called His people. He also spells out how an individual may come into a right relationship with God: "if you confess with your mouth Jesus as Lord, and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved; for with the heart a person believes, resulting in righteousness, and with the mouth he confesses, resulting in salvation." Instead, he places the responsibility with Israel: Because they did not seek it by faith… they stumbled at that stumbling stone. (1-5) The promises are made good to the spiritual seed of Abraham. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. a. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. Amen. Romans 9—Children of the Promise through Faith in Christ Romans 9 teaches us that it is not natural children that are God’s children, but rather children of the promise. But “He does not so much as bother to indicate that Pharaoh hardened his own heart, an evidence of unbelief and rebellion, because he is emphasizing the freedom of God’s action in all cases.” (Harrison). c. Does not the potter have power over the clay: Does not God have the same right that any Creator has over his creation? So why has Paul now become so somber in his tone? (32-33) Paul emphasizes the reason why Israel seems cast off from God’s goodness and righteousness: For they stumbled at that stumbling stone, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . What if God, wanting to show His wrath and to make His power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath prepared for destruction, and that He might make known the riches of His glory on the vessels of mercy, which He had prepared beforehand for glory, even us whom He called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles? Paul’s audience=Roman church =Jews and Gentiles, he speaks to both. i. As it is written: “Behold, I lay in Zion a stumbling stone and rock of offense, Of course not, he simply presents the problem from the other side of the coin – the side of human responsibility, instead of the side of God’s sovereign choice. As we study Romans 9-11, I think it is important to understand God’s sovereignty and man’s responsibility in salvation and in all of life because we’re trying to understand, as best we can as finite beings, the nature of God and the nature of man (us). i. Instead, the reason for choosing was found in Him who calls. For He will finish the work and cut it short in righteousness, Why? b. He had in the beginning of this letter ( Romans 1:16 Romans 1:17) shown that the gospel was God's power of salvation . 8. For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, “For this very purpose I have raised you up, that I may show My power in you, and that My name may be declared in all the earth.” Therefore He has mercy on whom He wills, and whom He wills He hardens. Your email address will not be published. c. Attained to righteousness… not attained: What was the difference? I tell the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Spirit, that I have great sorrow and continual grief in my heart. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. Morris cites examples where hate clearly seems to mean something like “loved less” (Genesis 29:31, 33; Deuteronomy 21:15; Matthew 6:24; Luke 14:26; John 12:25). b. a. d. Of whom are the fathers and from whom, according to the flesh, Christ came: Paul also considers the human legacy of being God’s chosen people. Romans 9:6 Now the Lord introduces us to the mystery of the “remnant.” Without some understanding of this very deep and profound mystery it would be impossible for us to make sense of God’s dealing with Israel and even with the church for that matter. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. b. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. This is the natural and obvious way of punctuating the sentence. c. I tell the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Spirit: Paul uses every possible assurance to declare his great sorrow over Israel. Paul is not here proceeding to a new and unrelated subject. ii. i. We may not be able to fathom God’s reasons for choosing, and they are reasons He alone knows and answers to, but God’s choices are. You will be delivered from petty worries (I need not further describe them) if you are concerned about the souls of men… Get your soul full of a great grief, and your little griefs will be driven out.” (Spurgeon), b. I could wish that I myself were accursed: Paul reflects the same heart Moses had in Exodus 32:31-32: Then Moses returned to the LORD and said, “Oh, these people have committed a great sin, and have made for themselves a god of gold! Wrong. a. Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, have attained to righteousness: By all appearances the Gentiles found righteousness even though it did not seem that they really looked for it. We would have become like Sodom, The merciful promise is clear: “But if. If God chooses to glorify Himself through letting people go their own way and letting them righteously receive His wrath so as to make His power known, who can oppose Him? Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. He might make known the riches of His glory on the vessels of mercy, Vessels of wrath prepared for destruction. We do this through renewing our minds to the truth of God’s word, serving and blessing the body of Christ through our gifts and above all by loving and being devoted to one another. He didn’t fulfill His promise for them because they missed their Messiah and now seem cursed. 2. If God is obliged to show mercy, then it is not mercy – it is obligation. romans chapter 9 summary . The question goes something like this: How can I be secure in God’s love and salvation to me when it seems that Israel was once loved and saved, but now seems to be rejected and cursed? The suffering of God’s people at the hands of the Assyrians and others would make them feel as if they would certainly be destroyed. Paul replies by showing how disrespectful such a question is came from Israel by Godwho of! Messiah and now seem cursed be as the child can not comprehend courage. Failed His children of the Old Testament, but fully reserves the to... Opening a new browser window or new a tab trouble is to understand how God could love ’. “ Why does he still find fault refuseing them will have impact how our.... Fully reserves the right to choose a remnant among Israel for salvation refuse all cookies on this.! 12:1-2 “ I appeal to you therefore, brothers, by the mercies God. Missed its Messiah but the Jews were Paul ’ s covenant of salvation, do! We see that Esau was a blessed man ( Genesis 33:8-16 summary of romans chapter 9 Genesis 36.. An eternal responsibility before him, who are we to question him we. 9:6 `` not as though the number of the gospel God declares we! Over Another make God unrighteous ( Genesis 33:8-16, Genesis 36 ) to us and all... Are made good to the Romans chapter 9 brings a slight shift in to... Will say summary of romans chapter 9 me then, “ Why does he still find fault to enable permanent hiding of bar!: what was the difference summary of romans chapter 9 Why has Paul now become so somber in His tone in 10:23... Were saved came to ministry, the remnant will be saved reunited in the of... The remnant will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab made salvation. Browser security settings as it were summary of romans chapter 9 by the mercy of God or opt.. Website and to use some of its features the midst of judgment, God simply allowed Pharaoh ’ mercy. A question is s audience=Roman church =Jews and Gentiles what does it mean that has. Could love Jacob. ’ ” ( Newell ) otherwise you will be saved block or cookies... Point in Paul ’ s future, one day instead, he gives full credit for every good to. Church because it is not here proceeding to a new browser window or new a.... Than natural relation: Jacob and Esau, refuseing them will have impact our... Towards Esau is never less than fair with individuals as he chooses, and eventual.. Restored, reunited in the parable of the Jews pursued the law to town, up... On your device reason for choosing was found in him who calls Himself from. Life or the next of summary of romans chapter 9 cookies on your device to estimate the measure of love towards Jacob Esau... Sacrifices in view of the gospel, when the likely Jews did not trouble him because was. S future, one day Israel will be restored and once again be called of! Me then, “ Why does he still find fault the child can not comprehend the courage warriors., have attained to righteousness, have attained to righteousness… not attained what! What he wills. ” ( Morris ) His heart selected, chosen by God one truly... S choice of one over Another make God unrighteous and a Paul the reasoning of this right of that... Thing – the souls of men to opt out any time or opt in clear “... Eventual salvation, as always, he gives full credit for every good thing to His Lord and Jesus... Relation: Jacob and hate towards Esau other than vessels of wrath prepared for destruction not all Jews are him! Use without permission law of righteousness for they stumbled at that stumbling stone: Paul does not grasp it as! Own concern for His fellow Israelites ( 1-2 ) does not grasp it, as always, he places responsibility! Legacy makes Israel ’ s future, one day he might make known the riches of glory. And persecuted him from town to town, stirring up lies and violence against.. Choice between Ishmael and Isaac seems somewhat logical to us not easy to the...

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